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Hanako Muraoka, Translator of “Anne of Green Gables”

One of the NHK’s current TV programs, “Hanako and Anne” (花子とアン) has been a big success since its start in March 2014.  This program is based on a biography of Hanako Muraoka (1893–1968), who is a celebrated translator of Anne of Green Gables, a bestselling 1908 novel written by a Canadian author, Lucy Maud Montgomery.

Hanako was not only a talented translator but also a prolific writer, which was exemplified by an array of her works held by the Prange Collection.  She wrote a number of children’s books, and seventeen of them, including “Tanpopo no Me (Dandelion’s eyes)” featured in the TV program, are accessible in full text at the Prange Children’s Digital Collection.

In addition, she wrote a wide variety of essays, which reveal her strong belief in women’s social advancement.  For example, in “Ame no naka no Bisho [Smile in rain] (PL-53752),” she emphasized the importance of women’s political involvement by pursuing female suffrage, which was implemented in 1945 in Japan.  In another essay, “Kokoro no Mado kara [From the Window of the Heart] (PL-53755),” she highlighted the significance of equal partnership between husband and wife in order to form a modern democratic family.  Hanako also demonstrated her strong Christian identity in her writing.  As educated by missionary women, she depicted her dedication to Christian faith in one of her novels, “Midori no Shima [Green Island] (PL-53758).”

In addition to her essay writing, Hanako published translation books of “Knight Errant” by a Pulitzer Prize winner, Margaret Widdemer (PZ-9001g), and “Blossomy Cottage” by Montanye Perry (PS-9003g).  A wide array of Hanako’s works uncover her creative talent for writing and help us construct an alternative image of Hanako Muraoka distinct from the ones formed in the TV program.

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How do I request materials via Aeon?

Starting August 1, all researchers using Special Collections and University Archives, the Gordon W. Prange Collection, and Special Collections in Performing Arts at the University of Maryland will need to create an online account in Aeon to take a tour of the Collection, to request materials for use onsite in the Prange Collection or to place a duplication order.  Below are instructions for requesting Prange Collection materials using Aeon.

A few important facts before starting:

1. The microfilms of the Prange Collection magazines and newspapers are still used on a self-serve basis in McKeldin Library.  You do not need to request them via Aeon.

2. Aeon limits the numbers of materials you can request to 15.  If you would like to request more than 15 items, please contact us after you create an account, so that we can adjust the limit for you.

How Do I Request Materials?

There are multiple search tools for Prange materials, and the method of requesting materials using each search tool differs slightly. Below are some examples of how to request Prange materials.  Please contact us if you have any questions.

1) Requesting from the UMD Libraries Online Catalog (Classic Catalog)              Go to the UMD Libraries Online Catalog (Classic Catalog).  Search for Prange Collection materials using a simple keyword or use the Advanced Search for a more in-depth search.


When you land on an individual item record (see the “Full View of Record” below), click on the “Request from Special Collections” link.


Clicking this link will prompt you to log in to your Aeon account.   Log in to Aeon (or create a new account – see this post for instructions), and the bibliographic information from the UMD Libraries Online Catalog will automatically appear on your New Request Form.  At the bottom of the form, please indicate when you plan to visit the Prange Collection to use the materials (this is a required field) and submit the request.


2) Manual Inputting.  If you wish to request materials using the search tools below, you will need to manually input the information into the Aeon request form.

Go to https://aeon.lib.umd.edu/logon/  and log in to your Aeon account. Click “Request” under “New Request” on the left sidebar on your Aeon account page and fill in the bibliographic information.  Although only the fields with red asterisks are required, please fill in each request as completely as possible so that the Prange staff can best prepare your materials prior to your arrival.   If you have any questions about how to fill out the form, please feel free to contact us.


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How do I create an account in Aeon (the new online material request system)?

Starting August 1, all researchers using Special Collections and University Archives, the Gordon W. Prange Collection, and Special Collections in Performing Arts at the University of Maryland will need to create an online account in Aeon to take a tour of the Collection, to request materials for use onsite in the Prange Collection or to place a duplication order.  In this post, we will explain how to create an account.

How Do I Create an Account?

1) Go to https://aeon.lib.umd.edu/logon/.   If you are not affiliated with the University of Maryland (UMD), click Guest Login.


2) If this is your first time using Aeon, click the First Time Users link.


3) You are now on the Researcher Registration Page.   PLEASE READ THIS PAGE CAREFULLY, as this page explains the rules and regulations of the  Prange Collection.  Click First Time Users Click Here at the bottom of page.


4) Fill out the New User Registration Form. The fields with red asterisks are required. Please remember your Username and Password.  You will need to log in to Aeon every time you wish to request Prange Collection materials.


In order to best serve you, please create an account prior to your visit to the Prange Collection.  If you are unable to create an account in advance of your arrival, you may create an account onsite in the Prange Collection. Prange staff will be available to assist you.  If you have any questions, please contact us.

In the next post, we will explain how to request Prange Collection materials using Aeon.

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The Prange Collection featured on Academic Preservation Trust website

The University of Maryland is a member of the Academic Preservation Trust (APTrust), which, according to its website,

“…is committed to the creation and management of a sustainable environment for digital preservation. APTrust’s aggregated preservation repository will solve one of the greatest challenges facing research libraries and their parent institutions – preventing the permanent loss of scholarship and cultural records being produced today.”

The Prange Collection is featured on the APTrust home page.  Scroll down and click “Vast Japanese Collection Saved, University of Maryland.”


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Greetings from the New Curator of the Prange Collection!

BLOG_Tatsumi photoMy name is Yukako Tatsumi, and I am the new Prange Collection Curator.  I came into this position with doctoral research expertise and professional librarianship experience.  My dissertation research investigated the life and work of two Japanese women, who became women’s higher education reformers in early 20th century Japan.  I explored an array of archival materials and discovered the joys and the excitement of working with them.  I was fascinated by the power of primary source materials to contextualize these women’s lives and shape the contours of the time and space in which they lived.  I was also thrilled to weave these documentary contents into previously unknown features of the Japanese prewar educational landscape.  This research experience fostered my aspirations to become a memory institution professional and channeled me into an academic librarianship career at the George Washington University.  I supported GWU’s strong commitment to advancing historical scholarship on Japanese colonialism and gained insights into documents on the Second World War in East Asia, specifically through its research program, “Memory and Reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific.”  I hope to apply my academic specialties and resource knowledge to analysis on the Prange materials and highlight their potential to illuminate the intersection of historical transformation and continuity in Occupied Japan.  I look forward to enhancing research support services and welcoming many scholars from around the world to the Prange Collection, which is a special source of pride for my alma mater, the University of Maryland, College Park.

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Exhibits in Nagasaki

The Nagasaki Library of Nagasaki Prefecture is currently holding two exhibits about atomic bomb-related literature.

One exhibit, “Ishida Hisashi to Nagasaki” portrays the life of Hisashi Ishida (石田壽) whose daughter, Masako Ishida (石田雅子), is well-known as the author of Masako Taorezu (雅子斃れず), a memoir of her atomic bomb experience.

The Prange Collection has the galley, the printing proof, the book by two different publishers, as well as various CCD documents for Masako Taorezu.  Photocopies of some of these materials are showcased in the exhibit.

The other exhibit, “Nagasaki Bungakuten,” is a display of literature related to the atomic bomb, including materials related to Masako Taorezu.

Dr. Kazuhiko Yokote, a Professor at the Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science, will hold a public lecture on July 26 in conjunction with these exhibits.  Dr. Yokote has conducted research on Masako Taorezu for many years, which led to the publication of his book entitled, Nagasaki, sono toki no hibaku shōjo : rokujūgo nenme no “Masako taorezu (2010, Tōkyō: Jiji Tsūshin Shuppankyoku.).  According to the lecture flyer, Dr. Yokote will share some newly discovered materials on Masako Taorezu.

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On this day in 1947… (July 18)

This post is a part of continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

On July 18, 1947, multiple newspapers attempted to publish an article about a special distribution of clothing for repatriates in Tokyo.  The articles were suppressed, however, and it is unclear whether this news was ever made public.

The digital images below are Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) documents related to the news of the distribution of clothing.  Several newspapers submitted galley proofs and hand-written manuscripts (see the thumbnail below of the Jiji Shimpo galley proof – Prange Call Number 47-loc-0381a”), all of which are housed in the Prange Collection.  The digital images of the galley proofs and manuscripts may be used onsite in the Prange Collection.  For more information, contact prangebunko[at]umd.edu.



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