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Handwritten manuscripts

We are so accustomed to typing everything on a computer, that it’s hard to believe that just 70 years ago everything was handwritten. The handwritten manuscripts in the Prange Collection are fascinating for just that reason.  It must have been particularly time-consuming for authors who had to submit their manuscripts to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) for pre-censorship review.  There were no copy machines for this purpose (which, again, for most of us is hard to believe), so they would have to hand-write a duplicate copy to submit. Below are some examples.

  • Ma-shireibu shirei Nihon saiken no katei/マ司令部指令と日本再建の過程 by Sato Morio/佐藤守男. Kurume-shi/久留米市: Seinen Jihosha/青年時報社) [Prange Call No. DS-9040v_1m]
  • Kakuseito no seikaku to sono jisseki/各政党の性格とその実績 by Sato Morio/佐藤守男.  Kurume-shi/久留米市: Seinen Jihosha/青年時報社) [Prange Call No. JQ-9018m]
  • Beikoku no rekishi to genjo/米國の歴史と現状 by Higuchi Yataro/樋口彌太郎. [日本青年教育者聯盟出版部], [1946]. [Prange Call No. E-9003v_1m]
  • Rodo hikkei/勞働必携 by Aoyama Naonori/青山尚憲 Miyazaki-shi/宮崎市: Rodo Jihosha/勞働時報社.  [Prange Call No. HD-9045m]
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A Talk by Timothy Smith (University of North Carolina) is now available on YouTube

We are happy to announce that the lunchtime talk by Timothy Smith, Ph.D. candidate at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and recipient of a 20th Century Japan Research Award, is now available on the Prange Collection’s YouTube channel.

His talk was entitled, “Clean Minds, Messy Realities: Shifting Trends in Contemporary Tenrikyō.”  It was delivered on October 8, 2019 at the University of Maryland.

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Recipients of the 20th Century Japan Research Awards for 2020

Congratulations to the following recipients of the 20th Century Japan Research Awards for 2020!

  • Camila Gutiérrez for her topic, “Gendered Visual Narratives: Chicana, Latin American, and Japanese modes of telling.”
  • Daniel Milne for his topic, “Seeds of the Revival of Postwar Tourism in Occupied Japan.”

Camila Gutierrez

Daniel Milne

The Award, first offered in 1999, is co-sponsored by the Nathan and Jeanette Miller Center for Historical Studies and the University of Maryland Libraries.

Each year these partners accept applications for grants to support research in the Gordon W. Prange and East Asia Collections on topics related to the period of the Allied Occupation of Japan and its aftermath, 1945-1960.

Holders of a Ph.D. or an equivalent degree are eligible to apply, as are graduate students who have completed all requirements for the doctorate except the dissertation.  The competition is open to scholars in all parts of the world and from any discipline, but historical topics are preferred.

See this page for more details about the Award.

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An Interview with Earl Roy Miner from the Marlene J. Mayo Oral Histories

This post is the eleventh in a series featuring interviews from the Marlene J. Mayo Oral Histories.  Currently, 29 of the oral history transcripts are available online.  The remainder are available onsite in the Maryland Room, the reading room for Special Collections and University Archives at the University of Maryland.  For other featured oral histories, see this page

Today is Earl Miner’s birthday!  Marlene Mayo interviewed Professor Earl Miner, a scholar of Japanese and early modern English literature, on August 19, 1980. She was particularly interested in his experiences in the Japanese-language program at the University of Minnesota and his assignment to Allied Occupied Japan.

Born in Marshfield, Wisconsin on February 21, 1927, Miner graduated from high school at 17 and signed up for the Army Specialized Training Program.  In 1944, he attended a Japanese-language program at the University of Minnesota, whose chief purpose was to train participants as interpreters.  He was sent to Japan in March 1946 as an interpreter, Private First Class.  Based in Shikoku and then Kyushu, he was a part of a team that traveled to towns and villages to collect information on population, food and water supplies, fuel and clothing, general conditions or problems, and the attitude toward the Occupation Forces. He was discharged from the Army and worked as a civilian in the military government headquarters in the Economic Section in Nagoya (November 1946 – November 1947). In that capacity, he was primarily responsible for taking inventory of machinery in factories and ensuring that land reform was being carried out.  He recalls having informal conversations with Japanese about mandated changes to the educational system by GHQ/SCAP and about democracy in general.

Miner held positions in the English Departments of Williams College (1953–1955) and UCLA (1955–1972), and Princeton (1972-2000).

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Countdown to the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo! – Part II

In the second in our series, Countdown to the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo!, we’re showcasing materials about Mikio Oda/織田幹雄, the first Japanese to win an Olympic gold medal (triple jump event at the 1928 Olympic games in Amsterdam). See Part I here.

Below is a list of items related to Mikio Oda.

Books

Orinpikku monogatari/オリンピック物語 (Tokyo/東京: Asahi Shimbunsha/朝日新聞社, 1948) (Prange Call No. GV-0108)

Orinpikku monogatari covers the history of Olympics with several photos of athletes, particularly those in track and field.  In the preface, Oda states that the Olympics represent half of his life.

思えばオリンピックは、私の半生史である。

 

Rikujo kyogi/陸上競技 (Tokyo/東京: Obunsha/旺文社, 1946) (Prange Call No. GV-0243)

Rikujo kyogi contains detailed rules for track and field programs, the history of track and field events in the Olympics, and Oda’s reflections on his life as an athlete leading up to the Amsterdam Olympics.  He concludes with this passage:

今や第二次世界大戦は終り、再び平和が訪れたのであるが、敗戦日本はいつの日かオリンピック出場の機會が與へられるのであらうか。しかし近い将来必ず競技愛好國日本として認められ、オリンピックの舞臺に登場を許されるに違ひない。三段跳日本の覇業を継いで呉れる人は果して誰であらうか。

青少年諸君、この幸榮を擔ふのは諸君の新らしき精進にあるのだ。

Magazines

  • 「なかよし新聞:大選手のおもかげ:三段飛の織田幹雄氏」(Nakayoshi Newspaper: Famous Athletes: Mr. Mikio Oda of the triple jump) In あおば (Aoba), vol. 4, no. 3, March 1949. Published by 河北新報社 (Kahoku Shimposha) [Prange Call No. A255]
  • 「思い出のアルバム:織田幹雄さん」(A Memory Album: Mr. Mikio Oda) In 婦人倶楽部 (Fujin Kurabu), vol. 29, no. 7, July 1948, p. 7. Published by 大日本雄弁会講談社 (Dai Nippoin Yubenkai Kodansha) [Prange Call No. F69]
  • 「オリンピックの憶い出」 (Memories of the Olympics) In 国民の友 (Kokumin no tomo), vol. 1, no. 4 December 1947, pp. 54-55. Published by 社会思潮編集局 (Shakai Shicho Henshukyoku) [Prange Call No. K1600]
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Featured Movie-related item: Gaslight (1944)

The 92nd Academy Awards are just around the corner! They’ll be televised on Sunday, February 9!

This is our second installment of the year on Oscar-winning movies. Seventy-five years ago, Gaslight (Japanese translation – ガス燈), starring Ingrid Bergman and Charles Boyer, was nominated for ten awards and walked away with two wins: Best Art Direction and Best Actress in a Leading Role for Bergman.

The movie is based on the play, Angle Street, by the English writer, Patrick Hamilton. There have been multiple stage and screen adaptations of the play.

There are two books in the Prange Collection about this movie: Gaslight Steal Album (Prange Call No. PN-0228), which includes stills from the film, and ガス燈 (Prange Call No. PN-0238), which includes the movie script in English and Japanese. Sample pages from both books are below.

 

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Featured Movie-related Item: Going My Way (1944)

In the lead-up to the 2020 Oscars (to be televised on February 9), we’ll be featuring two award-winning films. The first is “Going My Way” (1944), starring Bing Crosby as a young priest, Father Charles O’Malley, newly assigned to the parish of St. Dominic’s Church in New York City.

Father Fitzgibbon, the long-time pastor of the church, is a bit put off by the informal style of the younger priest, who he assumes is his new assistant. But the truth is that Father O’Malley was sent by the bishop to take over the affairs of the parish, while Fr. Fitzgibbon would remain as pastor.

Throughout the movie, there are generational conflicts between the two priests, some problems experienced by the parishioners, such as eviction and youth gangs, and some financial problems for the church itself.  But with Bing Crosby in the cast, you will not be surprised that there will be several musical numbers to balance out all of the drama.

That brings us to the point in the discussion where we must talk about the many, many awards this movie received.  It was nominated for ten Oscars and won seven of them, including Best Picture, Best Director, and two for Best Writing.

Then it gets interesting when we get to the acting categories.  Both Bing Crosby and his co-star, Barry Fitzgerald (who played Fr. Fitzgibbon) were nominated for Best Actor, the first and only time this happened.  Crosby won that award, but Barry Fitzgerald was also nominated for Best Supporting Actor and won that one. That was the first time an actor was nominated for two different awards for the same role.  “Going My Way” was also the first film to win Best Picture at the Academy Awards and The Golden Globes.  There are so many “firsts” for this movie, it’s hard to keep track.

The film was released in Japan was on October 1, 1946.

In the Prange Collection we have one book entitled, Going My Way/わが道を往く (Prange Call No. PN-0236), about this movie.  Click the images below to view selected pages.