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UMD Class Visit (HIST 483)

On April 19, 2016, the Prange Collection welcomed a class of over 30 students from HIST483, “Modern Japan”, taught by Dr. C.R. Lilley of the UMD History Department.  Yukako Tatsumi, the Curator of the Prange Collection, began the session with an overview of censorship conducted by the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).  She walked the students through the Code for the Japanese Press, the guiding principles for censorship during the Allied Occupation, and showed examples of publications from the Prange Collection that had been censored for three “taboo subjects”: References to Censorship, the Atomic Bomb, and Militaristic Propaganda.

Amy Wasserstrom, the Manager of the Prange Collection, then gave a presentation on the drafting of the Constitution of Japan, enacted in 1947.  She drew on materials from Prange gift collections, including the Charles L. Kades Papers and the Marlene J. Mayo Oral Histories.  Kades, then Deputy Director of the Government Section of SCAP, was Chairman of the Steering Committee responsible for drafting a new constitution for the Japanese.  His papers include successive drafts of the Constitution in English and Japanese, as well as memoranda and minutes documenting the process as it unfolded.   Beate Sirota Gordon was the only women involved in writing the Constitution.  An interview with Sirota Gordon is included in the Marlene J. Mayo Oral Histories.

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The Jeep: a symbol of the Occupation Forces

The image of the Jeep is often associated with the Allied presence in Japan during the Occupation.  Some saw it as a symbol of power; others saw it as a reminder of defeat.  Either way, Jeeps drove into the daily lives of the Japanese as soon as the Occupation began.  It is, therefore, no surprise that we see the image of the Jeep throughout the Prange Collection — in literature, photographs, newspaper articles and even in children’s books.  Below are some examples.

“Jeep” in Censored Newspaper Articles

BLOG_pca-47-frn-2375xxx-000-ar000-0000There are a few examples of the term “Jeep” being censored in newspaper articles.  In the following cases, the Jeep and, by association GIs, was implicated in unsavory and potentially criminal situations, news that GHQ/SCAP was interested in suppressing.

In a Mainichi Shimbun article with the headline, “Yoshida’s Car Attacked”, dated October 31, 1947, the term “Jeep” was changed by the censors to “automobile”.  (47-frn-2375)  Click on the image at left to read the article.

There was also news of a dead body found in a Jeep on May 30, 1948.  Asahi Shimbun, Kyodo Tsushin, Mainichi Shimbun and Yomiuri Shimbun covered the story.  Each article received slightly different censorship actions.  For example, instructions were given to Mainichi Shimbun to change the headline of their article from  “ジープの中に怪死体” to “自動車の中に怪死体.”  (Prange Call No. 48-loc-1898).  The digital image of the Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection as well as onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan Digital Collections.

The Jeep in Children’s Books

There are several children’s books that include images of Jeeps.  Some are in coloring books or craft books.  Examples are:

One example of a craft book with an image of a Jeep was featured in this post.

The Jeep in magazines

magazinesA284,F233,S2199

少年世界 (S2199), あおいとり (A284), ふたば (F233)

  • 「やさしい工作:ジープの作り方」 (Magazine Title: 少年世界.  Prange Call No. S2199) 1949-04-01 (Vol. 2, No. 3)
  • 「こうさく:はしれはしれハロー・ジープ」(Magazine Title: あおいとり. Prange Call No. A284) 1948-11-01 (Vol. 1, No. 5, Nov.)
  • 「ジープとさんりんしゃ」(Magazine Title: ふたば. Prange Call No. F233) 1948-03-01 (Vol. 3, No.3)

The Jeep in the Robert P. Schuster Photographs

Schuster

Robert Schuster Collection, RS-246, RS-349

  • RS-246: With the description, “The army’s quickest & fastest means of travel, the “jeep”, on the grounds of the 13th Gen. Hosp.  Osaka, Japan May ’46”, written by Schuster.
  • RS-349: With the description, “M.P.” truck or rather “Jeep” “making the rounds” down a Jap street in Osaka, Japan. May,  1946.”, written by Schuster.

 

The Jeep in secondary sources

  • jeepHarada, Hiroshi. 1994. MP no jīpu kara mita senryōka no Tōkyō: dōjō keisatsukan no kansatsuki. Tōkyō: Sōshisha. (MP のジープから見た占領下の東京 : 同乗警察官の観察記)
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“Zadankai: Class, Gender and Ethnicity in Postwar Japan” – Round-table event @ UCLA

BLOG_ZadankaiatUCLAOn Wednesday, May 4, 2016, at 1 – 3pm, the UCLA East Asian Library will host an round-table discussion (“Zadankai”) related to the issues of Class, Gender and Ethnicity in Postwar Japan.  The event is sponsored by UCLA East Asian Library and UCLA Terasaki Center for Japanese Studies.  It is open to the public, but RSVP is required.  If you’re interested in this event, please fill in this online form.

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Prange Curator’s Presentation at Loyola University Maryland

BLOG_Loyola U_2016The Prange Collection Curator, Yukako Tatsumi, gave a presentation at the 2016 Annual Hanna Geldrich –Leffman Colloquium on Language, Literature, and Society, sponsored by several departments at Loyola University Maryland. This year, the theme was “Silence, Blanks, and X’s: Censorship, Politics, and Self-Expression.” The colloquium was held on Wednesday, April 6, 2016 at the Program Room in the Andrew White Student Center.

Her presentation was entitled “The Gordon W. Prange Collection: The Archive of Censorship under the Allied Occupation of Japan.” Her PowerPoint presentation is below.

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Shakespeare@UMD

The University of Maryland Libraries join the UMD campus and the international community in commemorating the 400th anniversary of the death of William Shakespeare. Film screenings, competitions, performances, workshops, and exhibitions are taking place across campus as part of Shakespeare@UMD.  Special Collections & University Archives is exhibiting a second folio of the collected works of Shakespeare, printed in 1632, as well as several illustrated editions of Shakespeare’s plays.

Below is a sample of  Shakespeare-related materials in the Prange Collection, including translations used in textbooks, translations of movie scripts, a children’s book, and magazine articles.

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Prange Collection launched Twitter account!

We’re pleased to announce that the Prange Collection launched Twitter accounts.  Please follow us!

English Account

Japanese Account

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Censored Kamishibai found in Beppu, Oita Prefecture

On March 15, an article entitled, 「紙芝居にGHQの検閲 観光地のバス巡りなど5冊」, appeared in Asahi Shimbun (digital version) about the discovery of five censored kamishibai at the Beppu Municipal Library.

Oita Prange no kai/大分プランゲの会 and staff of the Library discovered the kamishibai with Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) stamps and the names of censors written on them.  They were most likely produced in 1948.  The images below are from one of the kamishibai, “Sekai Beppu.”

The use of these images has been approved by the Beppu Municipal Library and Dr. Yasuyo Shiratsuchi.

Please also refer to the related post: “Newspapers under the Occupation: Postwar Japan through the lens of the City of Beppu.”  (by Yasuyo Shiratsuchi. Gen Shobo, 2015)

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