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On this day in 1947… (August 23)

This post is part of a continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

On August 23, 1947, Daiichi Shimbun submitted an article entitled, “Opium poisoning 40,000 Tokyo men” (Prange Call No. 47-loc-0648), to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).  The entire article was suppressed.

As translated into English by the CCD examiner, the article begins, “There is a tremendous amount of opium scattered all over the country amid the troublous [sic] confusion after the War.  Even within the city limits of Tokyo Metropolis as many as 40,000 men have been poisoned.”  The article then describes “the hell of the opium den”, the exorbitant cost of the habit (“…from 500 or 600 to 2,000 or 3,000 yen a day…”), and the efforts by the Tokyo Municipal Narcotic Section to eradicate, “the root of opium power eating into cultural Tokyo”.

The Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL) through NDL’s Digital Collection.

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Kamishibai and doll play books in the Literature-General Section (PN)

The Prange Collection completed the scanning of 518 items in the Literature-General section (Call no. starts with PN-) last year.  Among them were six books related to Kamishibai and doll plays.  The targeted audience was teachers who were interested in utilizing Kamishibai and doll plays in their classrooms.

One of the interesting items among them was “Kamishibai no yarikata tsukurikata : tsuketari yasashikute omoshiroi yubiningyogeki no shikata” by Saki Akio (Tokyo: Jinmin Shinbunsha Shuppanbu, 1947) (Prange Call No. PN-0140).  “Illustration: Chihiro Iwasaki” appeared on the Table of Contents page.  On page 7, the book stated that all screenplays were subjected to censorship by the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).  This was a violation of the Press Code (no mention of  censorship was permitted), though no censorship action was taken.  Below is an excerpt.

「….作品はすべて聯合軍司令部の檢閲がいる。賣つているものは、すべて檢閲を經ている。自作のものでも、おおやけに使うにはやはり檢閲がいる。東京、大阪、福岡の民間檢閲部に、畫と脚本(三通)と英文梗概を提出する。協會は手續き上の便宜をはかる。古い作品は未檢閲のが多いから、注意を要する。日本政府の檢閲は一切ない。」(p. 7)

Below are some examples.  The digital images of these books are currently only available onsite in the Prange Collection.  Though a majority of these books are uncatalogued, a basic inventory is also available onsite in the Prange Collection.

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Newly Acquired Secondary Sources on the Occupation (2015) – Part I

BLOG_newaquisition2015We have recently acquired the following secondary sources on the Occupation period that were published in 2015:

Two copies of each book were acquired by the UMD Libraries.  One copy is available onsite in the Prange Collection and one copy is located in McKeldin Library, the main research library, and may be checked out.

See this page for the 2014 acquisitions.

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Featured magazines – published in Shikoku

This post is Part VI in a continuing series on a portion of the Prange Collection magazines that are now available in digital form onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL). (See the series in Featured Magazines.) 

In this post, we are featuring magazines published in Ehime-ken, Tokushima-ken, Kagawa-ken and Kochi-ken (Shikoku island).

BLOG_magazinesE9,E10

“Ehime Kyoiku/愛媛教育” was published by Ehime-ken Kyoin Kumiai (Ehime Prefecture Teacher’s Union) in 1949.  The article “Teacher’s Union and Politics” (Vol. 1)  was about a discussion between the Teacher’s Union members and reporters from three newspapers – Ehime Shimbun, Nankai Times, and Shin Ehime Shimbun.  The mention of pornographic magazines was marked by the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) examiner.  Other articles included “Using An Intelligence Test for Education” (Vol. 1) and “About Co-Education” (Vol. 2).

“Ehime Sports/エヒメ・スポーツ” was published in Matsuyama-shi, Ehime-ken.  The Prange Collection only holds the first issue of this publication.  Profiles of baseball players from Ehime-ken and scores from high school baseball games were featured in the inaugural issue. According to a note at the end of this issue, the Olympics were to be featured in the second issue.

BLOG_magazinesC123,D120

  • 舵輪. 俳句研究 [1巻1号(1948年11月)-12号(1949年10月)] (Call No. D120)
  • 知性 [19号(1949年7月)-20号(1949年8・9月)] (Call No. C123)

“Darin/舵輪”, published in Takaoka-gun, Kochi-ken, was a haiku magazine that consisted primarily of poems submitted by its subscribers. A CCD document included with the first issue stated, “….Of particular note is the fact that this haiku magazine includes the names of female contributors.  Half of its editorial staff also consists of woman writers…” According to the epilogue to the first issue, the editors had previously published a magazine called “Choso/潮騒.”

“Chisei/知性”, published by Akebonokai/曙会 in Naka-gun, Tokushima-ken, was a literary magazine that included poetry/haiku, “baton” novels (one person wrote the first chapter and passed the baton to another person who wrote chapter two, and so on, until, as whole, the work constituted a novel written by multiple authors) and literature-related articles.  Akebonokai’s mission was to “…enlighten the youth, as well as to contribute to a new Japanese society that has been reformed by freedom of speech.”

BLOG_magazinesc143

“Chokan/鳥瞰” was a haiku magazine that included haiku written by its subscribers, but also included critiques written by its editors, and other haiku-related articles.  It was published in Kagawa-ken.

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130th Anniversary of Tanizaki Junichiro’s Birth

Today, July 24, 2016, marks the 130th anniversary of Tanizaki Junichiro’s birth.  Below are some example of Tanizaki’s work housed in the Prange Collection.

Magazine

The short story, “Mrs. A’s Letters,” was to appear in the August 1, 1946 issue of Chuo Koron (No. 8), but it was entirely  suppressed by the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).

Books

Tanizaki_books_2016

Click to enlarge

There are 28 Tanizaki-related books in the Prange Collection.  Below are some examples.

  • “Tomoda to Matsunaga no hanashi” (Kyoto-shi: Usui Shobo, 1949) Prange Call No. PL-56436
  • “Chiisana okoku” (Tokyo: Bungei Shunju Shinsha, 1948)Prange Call No. PL-56421
  • “Chijin no ai” (Tokyo: Seikatsusha , 1948) Prange Call No. PL-56419

Photographs

BLOG_Tanizaki_photo_2016Two photographs of Tanizaki are included in the News Agency Photographs.

  • Kyodo Tsushin 1948/10/29 第K5177号 谷崎潤一郎 Prange Call No. K1150 (left in the picture)
  • Sun 1948/12/1 No.325 谷崎潤一郎 作家 Prange Call No. S1283
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Updated homepages!

BLOG_webpageWe have updated our home webpage!  Now all you need to do to make an appointment with the Curator is to click one button.  You can select the available date and time from the calendar.

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On this day in 1947… (July 18)

This post is part of a continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

On July 18, 1947, Jiji Shimpo submitted an article entitled, “Kaichumono yojin” (Prange Call No. 47-loc-0405), to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) and portions of the article were deleted.

The article reported that pick-pocketing had dramatically increased in the post-war period. The Home Ministry established the “Pickpockets Crime Prevention Movement” to address the problem.  Victims were encouraged to report the crime and everyone was encouraged to be vigilant.  In the past, the article reflected, pick-pocketers considered their activities to be a “trade” that required skill.  But in the desperate times of a war-torn, impoverished Japan, young people were perpetrating the crime — many from “good” families — simply out of desperation and lack of moral grounding.  The following portion was deleted in the Japanese galley proof,  「勿論、戦争による生活困窮と道義的堕落の影響であるが、特に我國の場合は、國民的な誇りを失ったことと、昔から我國の青少年を愛護し監督してきた家庭が、現実に壊滅したり又著しく権威を失ったことが、特に作用しているであろう・・・・(後略)」

The Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL) through NDL’s Digital Collection.

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