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Updated homepages!

BLOG_webpageWe have updated our home webpage!  Now all you need to do to make an appointment with the Curator is to click one button.  You can select the available date and time from the calendar.

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On this day in 1947… (July 18)

This post is part of a continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

On July 18, 1947, Jiji Shimpo submitted an article entitled, “Kaichumono yojin” (Prange Call No. 47-loc-0405), to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) and portions of the article were deleted.

The article reported that pick-pocketing had dramatically increased in the post-war period. The Home Ministry established the “Pickpockets Crime Prevention Movement” to address the problem.  Victims were encouraged to report the crime and everyone was encouraged to be vigilant.  In the past, the article reflected, pick-pocketers considered their activities to be a “trade” that required skill.  But in the desperate times of a war-torn, impoverished Japan, young people were perpetrating the crime — many from “good” families — simply out of desperation and lack of moral grounding.  The following portion was deleted in the Japanese galley proof,  「勿論、戦争による生活困窮と道義的堕落の影響であるが、特に我國の場合は、國民的な誇りを失ったことと、昔から我國の青少年を愛護し監督してきた家庭が、現実に壊滅したり又著しく権威を失ったことが、特に作用しているであろう・・・・(後略)」

The Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL) through NDL’s Digital Collection.

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Takarazuka Revue-related items

There are eight books in the Prange Collection related to the Takarazuka Revue/宝塚歌劇, all of which have been digitized.  The digital versions are available onsite in the Prange Collection.  Many of the books are uncatalogued, but a basic inventory is also available onsite.

The Prange Collection also has several Takarazuka Revue-related magazines, such as Kageki (Prange Call No. K116) and Takarazuka Gurafu (Prange Call No. T100). All of the magazines in the Prange Collection have been microfilmed.  The magazine microfiche is available at the University of Maryland, the National Diet Library of Japan, and at various other institutions in the U.S. and Japan.  For a list of locations, see this web page.

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On this day in 1947… (July 2)

This post is a part of continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

On July 1, 1947, a murder occurred in front of the dance hall Santa Fe, located in Chuo-ku, Tokyo.  A man “wearing a NYK building badge” came to the Santa Fe to look for someone who had beaten a Nisei there the night before. Two bodyguards of the Santa Fe, who had not been involved in the said fight, were called outside of the dance hall by this person.  Then, fifteen men (according to one account) beat the two bodyguards; one of them was stabbed and died immediately and the other was injured.  The group fled the scene and had not been identified at the time of the articles’ submission.

Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Asahi Shimbun, Daiichi Shimbun, Jiji Tsushin, Kyodo Tsushin, Mainichi Shimbun, Shin Hochi, Shin Yukan, Tokyo Shimbun and Mimpo covered this incident and submitted their articles to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).  “Nisei” and “wearing a NYK badge” were deleted from all of them.  Below are the CCD documents that accompanied the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Kyodo Tsushin, and Jiji Tsushin articles.  The Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL) through NDL’s Digital Collection.

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Publication: “‘Manga shonen’ monogatari : henshusha Kato Kenichi den”

During the immediate post-World War II years, publishers of magazines in Japan faced many challenges.  Paper was rationed and difficult to obtain and so was obtaining the work of seasoned authors.  In spite of these obstacles, the number of magazines published, particularly those for children, skyrocketed.  Magazine publishing became a competitive market, and of highest priority for many publishers was to stay ahead of their rivals.

BLOG_MangaShonenMomogatari “‘Manga shōnen’ monogatari : henshūsha Katō Ken’ichi den/「漫画少年」物語: 編集者加藤謙一伝” (Katō, Takeo. 2002. Tōkyō: Toshi Shuppan.), written by Takeo Kato, is a fascinating look inside the magazine publishing world.  Kenichi Kato (1896 – 1975) was an editor of “Shonen Kurabu” before the war and the founder of “Manga Shonen.”  The Prange Collection has both of these publications (“Shonen Kurabu” [Prange Call No. S2192] and Manga Shonen [Call No. M91]).

BLOG_M91MangaShonenOne of the fortunate by-products of censorship was the amassing of publications that might otherwise have been lost.  The Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) retained a file copy of all publications submitted for review.  These publications make up the core of the Prange Collection.  The Prange Collection not only has children’s magazines, but also the furoku — appendices or so-called “free craft projects” – that accompanied them.  In “Manga shonen monogatari,” Kato explains how furoku were a significant feature of “Shonen kurabu” and ultimately led to the demise of “Manga shonen” because it could not keep up with the proliferation of attractive appendixes in other magazines.  The generation who grew up during the Occupation are nostalgic about furoku.  Notable writers’ memories of furoku are included in “Manga Shonen mongatari” (pp.140-142.).

Below is one of the furoku from “Shonen kurabu.”  It was designed by Nakamura Seika, who became well-known for his creative  furoku designs.  Using a color photocopy of a pattern from Shonen Kurabu (11/1/1949 – Vol. 36, No. 11.), a Prange Collection staff member assembled the piece.  See pages 138-140 of “Manga shonen monogatari” for detailed information about Nakamura’s craft design.

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Last resort – let’s insert illustrations!

As instructed by the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD), no indication of or reference to censorship could appear in publications (see this post).   There could be no ellipses and no blank spaces where something was deleted, and no blackening out was permitted.  Ideally, publishers would insert revised (or entirely new) text to fill the same space, but if that was not possible, they had to be creative.  In some cases, they would use illustrations to fill the space.  “Chodung Chonson chiri: chon/初等朝鮮地理: 全” (Prange Call No. 301-0040 ; 301-0040g) is a good example of this. Click on the images below to compare the galley proof and the published version.

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On this day in 1948… (June13)

This post is part of a continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

Control no.:48-frn-2354|Newspaper:Akahata|Date:6/13/1948|Station:255100|Operator:hl|

48-frn-2354

On June 13, 1948, Akahata, an organ of the Japanese Communist Party, submitted an article entitled, “Philippine stops importation of Japanese Textile Goods” to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD). (Prange Call No. 48-frn-2354). The article was suppressed.

According to the article, the U.S. Government had been pushing for the importation of Japanese goods to the Philippines to promote the economic recovery of Japan.  The government of the Philippines resisted.  When General MacArthur tried to increase trade between the two nations, the Filipino Government reacted by halting the importation of Japanese textiles.

The Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library (NDL) through NDL’s Digital Collection.

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