Below is a selection of advertisements found on the back covers of women’s magazines. In addition to advertisements for lotions, makeup, and sewing machines, as you would expect, there are also advertisements for banks and insurance companies. For advertisements in children’s magazines, see this post.
Prange Curator gives presentation at “Bridging the Spectrum,” a symposium at the Catholic University of America
On February 3, 2017, Yukako Tatsumi, the Prange Collection Curator, gave a presentation at the “Bridging the Spectrum” symposium at the Catholic University of America. The presentation was entitled, “Trans-Pacific Initiatives of Creating Digital Access: Partnership of University of Maryland Libraries and the National Diet Library of Japan.” The PowerPoint presentation is below.
This is the first in a series on the Japanese Constitution of 1947.
The Constitution took effect on May 3, 1947 and is still in effect today. As we approach the 70th anniversary of its enactment, we’ll share with you materials from the Prange Collection related to the drafting of the Constitution, its enactment, reactions of the Japanese, and observances of Constitution Day.
Justin Williams was Chief of the Legislative Division (later known as the Parliamentary and Political Division) of GHQ/SCAP during the Occupation of Japan. He reported directly to Major General Courtney Whitney, Chief of the Government Section (GS), and Colonel Charles Kades, Deputy Chief of GS. The Legislative Division kept MacArthur apprised of pending legislation in the Diet, oversaw election campaigns and practices, and supported efforts to strengthen the new Diet.
The Justin Williams papers, located in the Prange Collection, include a variety of materials related to the Constitution of 1947. Below are Williams’s hand-written notes dated March 6, 1946 describing the events of that day. His account begins at 2:30pm, when he was asked to deliver a sealed envelope to General MacArthur. He assumed that the envelope contained the Japanese Cabinet’s acceptance of the Government Section draft of the Constitution, and he states very clearly his opinion of that acceptance:
“When the document went back to the Cabinet 5 March, much as it was originally drawn up by the Gov’t Sect, there was no choice on the part of the Cabinet but to accept it, tho’ with great reluctance. No matter what the papers say, no matter what the reaction of the Jap people, now and in the future, this document was literally crammed down the throat of an unwilling Cabinet, which did not so much as win one minor concession. I don’t see how this Cabinet can continue in power, unless required to do so by SCAP.”
He also recounts what happened later that day:
“At 4:30 this afternoon Gen. Whitney assembled all Govt Sect personnel, officers, civilians and enlisted men, in the conference room just outside his office. Then he read Gen MacArthur’s release to the press announcing SCAP approval of the constitution proposed by the Cabinet, in close collaboration with SCAP officials, as a result of the General’s request for constitutional revision 5 months ago. Following MacArthur’s statement concerning the historic document, the Emperor’s acceptance of the constitution was read. The newspapers tomorrow will carry the statements of Mac, the Cabinet, and the Emperor. Finally, Gen Whitney thanked all members for their cooperation, on behalf of himself and Gen. Mac, and said it had been the best kept secret of the occupation. I agree 100% with the latter.”
In addition to this document, the Justin Williams papers include the Privy Council Plenary Sessions on the Constitution (August – October 1946 in English and June – October 1946 in Japanese), Charles Kades comments on the draft Constitution, and Jiji Press news dispatches on the first anniversary of the enactment of the Constitution, dated May 3, 1948, among other items.
Several items from the Prange Collection regarding the International Women’s Day (March 8) are in display in the Maryland Room, the first floor of the Hornbake Library North. “International Women’s Day in Japan during the 1940s as seen through materials in the Gordon W. Prange Collection” is available from February 1 through February 24, 2017. The displayed items include; news agency photographs which vividly depict the International Women’s Day demonstration held in Tokyo in 1949; detailed memoirs by a female activist after participating the International Women’s Day demonstration.
This post is Part VII in a continuing series on a portion of the Prange Collection magazines that are now available in digital form onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL). (See the series in Featured Magazines.)
In this post, we are featuring magazines published in Aichi Prefecture.
- 中日スタイル [1947年3・4月-1948年1・2月、スタイル展記念号、1948年5・6月、9月、12月] (Call No. C-262)
Chubu Nihon Sutairusha/中部日本スタイル社 published “Chunichi Sutairu/中日スタイル” in Nagoya-shi. There are eight issues in the Prange Collection. The magazine is slim — each issue consists of approximately 20 pages — but it’s a graphic publication with many illustrations and photographs. The special issue, published in May 1948, features a fashion exhibition held in Matsuzakaya in March 1948 that was sponsored by Chubu Nihon Yosai Gakuin Renmei/中部日本洋裁学院連盟.
In the 1947 March/April issue, there is an article entitled, “Aka ni kabureruna: Kazami Akiko (Shochiku) wa kataru/赤にかぶれるな: 風見章子（松竹）は語る” [Don’t be “Red”: Ms. Akiko Kazami of Shochiku says]. In the interview with Akiko Kazami, an actress who was a member of the Shochiku Company, she states emphatically, “I just want to say that don’t you ever become Americanized because of the Occupation forces. The pure red scarfs and red skirts are not for Japanese girls…../私は進駐軍にかぶれちゃいけませんと申し上げたい眞紅のマフラーとか赤いスカートなどは日本のむすめに決して似合いません….” The underlined section was marked by a Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) censor. However, the CCD document that accompanies this issue indicates that it “Passed, No Violation”.
- 中部の文具 [1号(1948年12月)-2号(1949年7月)] (Call No. C-185)
“Chubu no bungu/中部の文具” is a magazine about stationary that is published by Chubu Bungu Seisan Shinwakai/中部文具生産親和會 in Nagoya-shi. The first issue (December 1948) deals primarily with stationary companies in the area, but it claims the magazine’s goal is to be a useful newsletter for its members. As promised, the second issue (July 1949) offers more substantial articles from higher ranking people in the field. A majority of the articles feature small businesses.
- 中京こどもまんが [12号(1949年5月)-16号(1949年9月)] (Call No. C-257)
Chukyo Kodomo Manga/中京こどもまんが is a full-color manga magazine published monthly by Chukyo Shinbunsha/中京新聞社. It bears several advertisements by Tokai Ginko/東海銀行 [Tokai Bank] and a hotel. Several of its pages are reserved for manga submitted by its readers.
A tribute to Gordon W. Prange is now prominently displayed on a wall in the lobby of the 4th floor of Hornbake Library North, just outside of the Prange Collection. The following quote appears at the top of the display:
“…I owe the Japanese people so much for broadening my intellectual horizon, for enriching my life, and for helping me see history in the long perspective of the years. To this great and noble people, I give my word, that I shall do all in my power to help promote and develop Japanese studies here at the University of Maryland.” — Gordon Prange at the dedication of the Gordon W. Prange Collection, May 6, 1979
Gordon Prange was Chief of the Historical Section of GHQ/SCAP during the Occupation of Japan. He was responsible primarily for the writing and preparation with editors of General MacArthur’s Reports on the War in the Pacific. His 5 1/2 year stay in Japan (December 1945 – July 1951) proved pivotal for him professionally and personally. Though originally a German scholar, Japan captivated him and he ultimately became known for his work on the War in the Pacific, including Tora! Tora! Tora! and At Dawn We Slept. His foresight to ship the file copies of the Civil Censorship Detachment to his home institution, the University of Maryland, has cemented his legacy. And as he wished, the University has become a center for the study of the Occupation of Japan.