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The report of “Zadankai: Class, Gender and Ethnicity in Postwar Japan” is now available

The report of “Zadankai: Class, Gender and Ethnicity in Postwar Japan” has been uploaded at UCLA Library’s Website.  The pictures from events, the detailed list of resources, the handouts, the exhibit materials and the recording of discussion are available.

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On this day in 1947… (May 21)

This post is part of a continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

BLOG_pca-47-loc-0190xxx-000-do000-0000On May 21, 1947, Mainichi Shimbun submitted an article entitled, “Let Us Give Up the Akita Dialect” (Prange Call No. 47-loc-0190), to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).  As reported in the article, the Education Department of the Akita Military Government issued a directive to elementary school teachers to use the “right-standard language”, rather than the local dialect, when speaking to students  —  and even among themselves.  The Yokote North-South Primary School responded to the directive by prohibiting the use of the dialect among teachers.

Though there are pencil markings on the Japanese galley proof made by the CCD examiner,  the article was “Passed”.

The Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library (NDL) through NDL’s Digital Collection.

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On this day in 1947… (May 15)

This post is part of a continuing series on the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNAs).

47-loc-0167On May 15, 1947, Yomiuri Shimbun submitted an article entitled, “Ship carrying blackmarket goods of 10,000,000 yen” (Prange Call No. 47-loc-0167), to the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).  The article reports that the ship, the Daikichimaru, attempted to carry metals, rubber goods, machines, and other items to Korea, at an estimated value of 10,000,000 yen.  The article was “Suppressed” by the CCD.

The Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library (NDL) through NDL’s Digital Collection.

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Maryland Day 2016

On Saturday, April 30, we welcomed many visitors to the 4th floor of Hornbake Library North for East Asian arts and crafts as part of Maryland Day 2016, the University of Maryland’s annual open house.

This year, we demonstrated how to make an origami hat (kabuto).  The Prange staff made an oversized origami hat under which several people could have their photo taken — our version of a photo booth!  Chinese calligraphy was very popular throughout the day.  New to our slate of activities was a traditional Korean game, Yut-Nori, which was also popular among our visitors.

It was our first Maryland Day since we launched our Twitter accounts.  It was wonderful to report on our activities in real time!

Other activities in Hornbake Library North included a tour of the current exhibit,  “Alice 150 Years and Counting: Legacy of Lewis Carroll,” “C is for Crayon” (coloring Sesame Street characters), and “Meet the Real Testudo”.

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UMD Class Visit (HIST 483)

On April 19, 2016, the Prange Collection welcomed a class of over 30 students from HIST483, “Modern Japan”, taught by Dr. C.R. Lilley of the UMD History Department.  Yukako Tatsumi, the Curator of the Prange Collection, began the session with an overview of censorship conducted by the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD).  She walked the students through the Code for the Japanese Press, the guiding principles for censorship during the Allied Occupation, and showed examples of publications from the Prange Collection that had been censored for three “taboo subjects”: References to Censorship, the Atomic Bomb, and Militaristic Propaganda.

Amy Wasserstrom, the Manager of the Prange Collection, then gave a presentation on the drafting of the Constitution of Japan, enacted in 1947.  She drew on materials from Prange gift collections, including the Charles L. Kades Papers and the Marlene J. Mayo Oral Histories.  Kades, then Deputy Director of the Government Section of SCAP, was Chairman of the Steering Committee responsible for drafting a new constitution for the Japanese.  His papers include successive drafts of the Constitution in English and Japanese, as well as memoranda and minutes documenting the process as it unfolded.   Beate Sirota Gordon was the only women involved in writing the Constitution.  An interview with Sirota Gordon is included in the Marlene J. Mayo Oral Histories.

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The Jeep: a symbol of the Occupation Forces

The image of the Jeep is often associated with the Allied presence in Japan during the Occupation.  Some saw it as a symbol of power; others saw it as a reminder of defeat.  Either way, Jeeps drove into the daily lives of the Japanese as soon as the Occupation began.  It is, therefore, no surprise that we see the image of the Jeep throughout the Prange Collection — in literature, photographs, newspaper articles and even in children’s books.  Below are some examples.

“Jeep” in Censored Newspaper Articles

BLOG_pca-47-frn-2375xxx-000-ar000-0000There are a few examples of the term “Jeep” being censored in newspaper articles.  In the following cases, the Jeep and, by association GIs, was implicated in unsavory and potentially criminal situations, news that GHQ/SCAP was interested in suppressing.

In a Mainichi Shimbun article with the headline, “Yoshida’s Car Attacked”, dated October 31, 1947, the term “Jeep” was changed by the censors to “automobile”.  (47-frn-2375)  Click on the image at left to read the article.

There was also news of a dead body found in a Jeep on May 30, 1948.  Asahi Shimbun, Kyodo Tsushin, Mainichi Shimbun and Yomiuri Shimbun covered the story.  Each article received slightly different censorship actions.  For example, instructions were given to Mainichi Shimbun to change the headline of their article from  “ジープの中に怪死体” to “自動車の中に怪死体.”  (Prange Call No. 48-loc-1898).  The digital image of the Japanese galley proof is available onsite in the Prange Collection as well as onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan Digital Collections.

The Jeep in Children’s Books

There are several children’s books that include images of Jeeps.  Some are in coloring books or craft books.  Examples are:

One example of a craft book with an image of a Jeep was featured in this post.

The Jeep in magazines

magazinesA284,F233,S2199

少年世界 (S2199), あおいとり (A284), ふたば (F233)

  • 「やさしい工作:ジープの作り方」 (Magazine Title: 少年世界.  Prange Call No. S2199) 1949-04-01 (Vol. 2, No. 3)
  • 「こうさく:はしれはしれハロー・ジープ」(Magazine Title: あおいとり. Prange Call No. A284) 1948-11-01 (Vol. 1, No. 5, Nov.)
  • 「ジープとさんりんしゃ」(Magazine Title: ふたば. Prange Call No. F233) 1948-03-01 (Vol. 3, No.3)

The Jeep in the Robert P. Schuster Photographs

Schuster

Robert Schuster Collection, RS-246, RS-349

  • RS-246: With the description, “The army’s quickest & fastest means of travel, the “jeep”, on the grounds of the 13th Gen. Hosp.  Osaka, Japan May ’46”, written by Schuster.
  • RS-349: With the description, “M.P.” truck or rather “Jeep” “making the rounds” down a Jap street in Osaka, Japan. May,  1946.”, written by Schuster.

 

The Jeep in secondary sources

  • jeepHarada, Hiroshi. 1994. MP no jīpu kara mita senryōka no Tōkyō: dōjō keisatsukan no kansatsuki. Tōkyō: Sōshisha. (MP のジープから見た占領下の東京 : 同乗警察官の観察記)
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“Zadankai: Class, Gender and Ethnicity in Postwar Japan” – Round-table event @ UCLA

BLOG_ZadankaiatUCLAOn Wednesday, May 4, 2016, at 1 – 3pm, the UCLA East Asian Library will host an round-table discussion (“Zadankai”) related to the issues of Class, Gender and Ethnicity in Postwar Japan.  The event is sponsored by UCLA East Asian Library and UCLA Terasaki Center for Japanese Studies.  It is open to the public, but RSVP is required.  If you’re interested in this event, please fill in this online form.

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