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Telephone Directories

How many of us use telephone directories today?  Not many.  Most Millennials probably don’t even know what the Yellow Pages are.  During the Occupation, however, telephone books were a prized commodity that were only available to privileged individuals or companies.  The telephone directories in the Prange Collection are valuable primary resources.  They can be used to locate information about local government offices that have moved or are no longer extant or to find the names of company executives. Telephone directories were disposable; updated versions were distributed annually or bi-annually. We suspect, therefore, that many of telephone directories in the Prange Collection are unique.

The telephone directories in the Prange Collection have been processed as part of the Prange reference collection and fall within the following call number ranges: AY-0001~0671 and AY-9001~9010.  They have been scanned.  The digital surrogates are available onsite in the Prange Collection and onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan.  You can search the telephone directories in the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL) Digital Collections.   Type “AY-” in the search box and check the box “Available only at the NDL”.

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Featured magazines – published in Kyoto Prefecture

As mentioned in this post, 5,300 Prange Collection magazine issues (approximately 700 titles, as of 3/17/2015) are now available electronically onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL).  These magazine titles had been available on microfiche only. We hope that scholars, and the general public alike, will appreciate the new ease of use.  No requesting of the fiche will be necessary.  Simply sit at a computer terminal at NDL, search for the magazine, and read it full-text.

This is the first in a series of posts on local magazines from this new set of 700 digitized titles.  We’ll be focusing on magazines that were short-lived, lasting only a few issues.  In this first post, we’re featuring magazines published in Kyoto Prefecture.  The microfiche of these Prange magazines are still available at NDL and other institutions.

Please keep in mind that full-text of the magazines is not accessible online.  The bibliographic information for each title, however, is available.

magazinesC39,C218

  • 地学の友 [1巻1号(1949年7月)-1巻2号(1949年9月)] (Prange Call. No. C39)
  • 中学社会 [1号(1949年4月)] (Call No. C218)

“地学の友,”  published by 日本礦物趣味の会, primarily targets elementary and junior high school students who are interested in geology.  “中学社会” was designed to educate junior high school students in a new curriculum, “social studies.”

magazinesC35,D44

  • 地炎 短歌芸術雑誌 [1巻1号(1949年6月), 1巻2号(1949年9月)] (Call No. C35)
    • 大文字 [1号(1949年8月)] (Call No. D44)

“地炎” contains many tanka/短歌 that were submitted by its readers.  “大文字” was published by 大文字保勝會.  According to its preface, the group’s main goals were to maintain Daimonji tradition, to honor Ginkakuji Temple, and to protect landscapes around Daimonji mountain.

magazinesC7,E33

  • 茶道雑誌 [13巻6号(1949年6月)-13巻9号(1949年9月)] (Call No. C7)
  • 映画時代 [1巻1号(1948年春)-1巻2号(1948年7月)] (Call No. E33)

“茶道雑誌” announces upcoming  events, introduces tea ceremony goods, and includes several in-depth essays about significant people in tea ceremony fields.  “映画時代” includes reviews on Western and Japanese movies.

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Additional Prange Books and Magazines Available at the National Diet Library of Japan

On March 17, 2015, approximately 800 Prange Collection books and 5,300 Prange Collection magazines (approximately 700 titles) were added to the National Diet Library of Japan’s Digital Collection.  A total of approximately 20,000 Prange Collection items (including children’s books, general books and magazines) are now available in digital form at the National Diet Library of Japan.

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Spring Break Closure 2015

The Prange Collection will be closed between Monday March 16 and Friday, March 20, due to the University of Maryland Spring Break.

We will resume our postings in late March.

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Prange Curator’s presentation at Americana

The Prange Collection Curator, Yukako Tatsumi, gave a presentation at the SAM (Student Archivists at Maryland) annual symposium, Americana 2015.  This year, the theme was “Collections of Curiosity: Showcasing the Special Collections at the University of Maryland”.  The symposium was held on Monday, March 2 in the McKeldin Library Special Events Room at the University of Maryland.

Her presentation was entitled, “Documenting Occupied Japan: The Gordon W. Prange Collection.” Her PowerPoint presentation is below.

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The Center for East Asian Studies (CEAS)

The Prange Collection partners with the Center for East Asian Studies (CEAS) to promote East Asian Studies on the University of Maryland campus and beyond.  You may have noticed that CEAS events have been featured on this blog. We thought it was appropriate, therefore, to tell you a little more about CEAS and the mutually beneficial relationship it has with the Prange Collection.

CEAS consists of faculty, staff, and scholars who specialize in the study of East Asia (China, Japan and Korea) at the University of Maryland.  According to its website, CEAS “aims to promote the study and appreciation of East Asian cultures by offering a wide range of scholarly, artistic, and community programs inspired by these cultures, and to expand the university’s East Asian curriculum, library resources, and teaching materials.”

CEAS_graduationcelemony2014

The Director of CEAS, Professor Seung-Kyung Kim, hosted a graduation celebration in the Prange Collection lobby for students who completed the Certificate Program.

BLOG_JpnSpeakersSeries_Spring2014

Professor Michael Cronin (College of William and Mary) gave a lecture entitled, “Restaging Japanese History in Popular Culture”, as part of the Japan Speaker Series in Spring 2014.

CEAS offers the Undergraduate Certificate to students who complete 24 credits in the study of East Asian history, language, and elective courses.  Several faculty members who teach these courses include a class visit to the Prange Collection as a part of their course curriculum.  See this post for Professor Michele Mason’s class visit in 2013 (Readings in Japanese Cultural Studies, JAPN 402).

 

CEAS also co-sponsors the Japan Speaker Series with the Japanese Program of the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures.  Each semester, a scholar is invited to speak on topics related to Japan, including Japanese film, literature, and history.

Through CEAS, the staff of the Prange Collection becomes aware of faculty research topics and resource needs. And through CEAS, the Prange staff gets out the word about the latest library developments, including new acquisitions.  We look forward to continuing our valuable collaboration with CEAS!

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Labor Studies Symposium and Labor-related materials in the Prange Collection

Organizing_for_Power_and_Worker's_Rights_March2015

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On March 5, the Center for the History of the New America at the University of Maryland will host a symposium entitled, “Organizing for Power and Workers’ Rights in the 21st Century.”  Symposium participants will be invited to visit Special Collections and University Archives (SCUA) at the University of Maryland to tour the George Meany Memorial AFL-CIO Archive and view a display of labor-related materials from the Prange Collection.  Acquired by SCUA in 2013, the AFL-CIO Archive includes over 40 million documents and is the largest single donation to the UMD Libraries.  The Archive complements the many labor-related holdings in SCUA.

The symposium will provide an opportunity to showcase a selection of labor materials in the Prange Collection, including materials on labor laws, labor practices, trade unionism, and labor education during the Occupation of Japan.  Below are examples of the types of materials that will be on display.

Labor-related Books

Sanbetsu rifuretto/産別リーフレット (Sanbetsu Kaigi Kyoikubu/産別會議教育部, 1949) (Prange Call No. HD-1439v_4)

“Sanbetsu rifuretto/産別リーフレット” (by Sanbetsu Kaigi Kyoikubu/産別會議教育部, 1949) (Prange Call No. HD-1439v_4)

The Prange Collection has completed the scanning of the books on industry, land use, and labor (Library of Congress subclass HD).  They are searchable in the UMD Libraries Online Catalog and in the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL) Digital Collections.  Access to full-text of these books is limited to the University of Maryland College Park campus and onsite at the National Diet Library.

 

Labor-related Posters and Wall Newspapers

Labor_posters

Prange Call No. NZK25 – 29, 30, 42

Posters and wall newspapers (kabe shimbun) were often used by labor unions to quickly disseminate information to targeted workers.  Of the 285 posters and wall newspapers in the Prange Collection, many were used for this purpose.  For more information about the posters and wall newspapers, contact us at prangebunko@umd.edu.

Labor-related Censored Newspaper Articles

Our newly digitized Censored Newspapers Articles  are replete with articles about labor and the labor movement.  Examples are: [Click images below to enlarge]

  • 米国船の船内作業に日本労働者を使用するな – Seattle agent Ed Coester of the Sailors Union of the Pacific AFL said immediate steps would be taken to prevent use of Japanese labor on American ships in Japanese ports [Kyodo Tsushin, 5/21/1947] (Prange Call No. 47-frn-0447)
  • 新労働法の成立に抗議スト瀕発の微 – “The new labor bill is protested by many strikes”  [The Sun Pictorial Daily, 7/3/1947] (Prange Call No. 47-frn-0644)

There are also several newspapers in the Prange Collection that are dedicated exclusively to labor issues, such as Hirokan Rodo (広管労働), Kyushu Rodo Shimbun (九州労働新聞) and Rodo Mimpo (労働民報).

Labor-related Magazines

labor_magazines

“Labor Union Monthly/月刊労働組合” (Prange Call No. G212), “Hataraku hito no hiroba/働く人のひろば” (Prange Call No H280)

Searching the 20th Century Media Information Database‘s subjects category list of “Labor Unions, Teacher’s Unions, Worker’s Unions,” you will find over 1,000 hits for magazine titles related to (or published by) labor unions.  As a separate category, there are also 132 magazine titles specifically related to railroad worker’s unions.  All of the Prange Collection magazines have been microfilmed.  The microfilm can be used self-serve in McKeldin Library at the University of Maryland or onsite at the National Diet Library of Japan.

Labor-related Gift Collections

48-loc-1484

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The John R. Harold Papers is the largest collection of labor-related materials in the Prange Collection.  Harold, first as a Labor Officer and later as Acting Chief of the Labor Relations Branch of the Labor Division of SCAP, was actively involved in the enactment and implementation of the Labor Relations Adjustment Law and in labor education in Japan during the Occupation.  A newspaper article about John Harold that was to appear in Akahata, an organ of the Japanese Communist Party, was suppressed by the Civil Censorship Detachment (“Declaration of ‘Hatred of Communism’ by John Harold”, Prange Call No. 48-loc-1484). Communist publications were scrutinized by the CCD, as fear of Communist infiltration of the labor unions was of concern to SCAP.

A newly acquired collection, the Mead Smith Karras Papers, contains photographs, correspondence, memoranda, reports, and documents related to women and children in the labor force during the Occupation of Japan.  From 1946 to 1949, Karras was an Economist for the Labor Division of SCAP.  Initially, she wrote a monthly chronicle of labor developments in Japan and worked with Japanese officials on development of sound labor statistics.  She was then responsible for developing and working with U.S. and Japanese officials to carry out Occupation policies on problems affecting women and children in the work force, including organization of a Women’s and Minor’s Bureau, participation of women in unions, and enforcement of the Japanese Fair Labor Standards Act.  The collection is unprocessed.  For more information, contact prangebunko@umd.edu.

Labor-related News Agency Photographs

labor_photographs

Kyodo Tsushin News Agency Photographs (Prange Call No. K584, K3581)

Among the approximately 10,000 Kyodo, Jiji, and Sun news agency photographs in the Prange Collection, there are numerous photos documenting labor union strikes, May Day gatherings, and more.  Examples are:

  • K0584 Kyodo Tsushin 1948/05/27 職を求める自由労働者 都庁に押かく
  • K3581 Kyodo Tsushin [1949]/04/03 労働法規改悪反対労働者大会

…and many more!

  • The Prange Collection has miscellaneous ephemera (147 items), among which are several leaflets and fliers produced by labor unions.
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