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Constitution of Japan (Part VI – Reference)

[This is a guest post written by Naritada Miura, a Student Assistant in the Prange Collection. This is the last post of the series of Constitution of Japan.  See Part I, Part II, Part III, and Part IV, and Part V]


For my final blog post, as this series mainly cited  “Zukai Kenpo” and “Charles L. Kades Paper”, I would like to recommend other useful sources for those who are interested in this topic.

Ito, Hirobumi. (1901). “Teikoku Kenpo Koshitsu Tenpan Gikai” [Explanation of the Imperial Constitution and of the Laws of the Imperial Household] (Fourth ed.). Tokyo: Kokka Gakkai. 伊藤博文(1901)『帝国憲法皇室典範義解』国家学会.

Hirobumi Ito was the first prime minister of Japan. With the help of Kowashi Inoue and others, they took more than 10 years in writing the Imperial Constitution of Japan. I would recommend you to compare this book with the current constitution.


Kawamura, Matasuke. (1946). “Shin Kenpo Gaisetsu” [Explanation on the New Constitution]. Fukuoka City, Fukuoka: Nishi Shinbunsha. 河村又介(1946)『新憲法概説』西日本新聞社.

Matasuke Kawamura was a legal scholar who wrote his book on the new constitution. Though he was firmly against the US occupation, all of his criticism against the US were suppressed or deleted under by the GHQ’s censorship. At the Prange Collection, there are unpublished galleys proofs with the CCD Documents. (Prange Call Number JQ-9035g)

Kenpo Fukyu-kai Hyogo-ken Shibu (Ed.). (1947). “Nihon koku Kenpo” [The Constitution of Japan]. Kobe city, Tokyo: Kenpo Fukyu-kai Hyogo-ken Shibu. 憲法普及会兵庫県支部(編)(1947)『日本国憲法』憲法普及会兵庫県支部

As the GHQ encouraged Japanese people to familiarize with the new constitution, similar types of books were distributed for free. One could see how the Japanese government, along with the GHQ, desperately wanted to promote this new constitution. (Prange Call Number JQ-0051)


Kurayama, Mitsuru. (2015). “Teikoku Kenpo Monogatari” [The Story of the Imperial Constitution]. Chiyoda, Tokyo: PHP Kenkyusho. 倉山満(2015)『帝国憲法物語』PHP研究所.

Mitsuru Kurayama is a legal, historical, constitutional scholar, and a writer. In his book, he writes the origin of the Imperial Constitution of Japan and its significance. The book goes up to amending the constitution in 1946.



Minobe, Tatsukichi. (1950). “Shin Kenpo Chikujo Kaisetsu” [Article by Article Explanation of the New Constitution]. (First ed. Nineteenth copy). Tokyo: Nippon Hyoronsha. 美濃部達吉(1947)『新憲法逐条解説』日本評論社.

Tatsukichi Minobe was a professor at Imperial University of Tokyo, teaching constitution. He is currently known for his “Organ Theory”, which caused a huge dispute during the wartime. This book explains what kinds of changes were made in the new constitution. (Prange Call Number JQ-0131)


Oka, Masayoshi. (1946). “Kenpo ni tsuite” [About the Constitution]. Shibuya, Tokyo: Nihon Kyosanto Shuppanbu. 岡正芳(1946)『憲法について』日本共産党出版部.

Masayoshi Oka was a former official of the Japanese Communist Party (JCP). In this book, he explains the manifests of the JCP. At the Prange Collection, there are unpublished galley proofs that were suppressed or deleted by the CCD. (Prange Call Number JQ-0149)


Sato, Isao. (1948). “Kenpo Kaisei no Keika” [The Processo of Amending the Constitution] (First ed. Second copy), Tokyo: Nippon Hyoronsha. 佐藤功(1947)『憲法改正の經過』 日本評論社.

Isao Sato was a legal scholar who was involved in ratifying the constitution. This book follows the whole amending process from the beginning of 1946 and all the way to the end of 1946 when the constitution passed both parliaments. (Prange Call Number JQ-0165)


“Sharaku” Henshubu (Ed.). (2013). “Nihonkoku Kenpo”[Constitution of Japan] (Second ed. Second copy). Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo: Shogakukan. 「写楽」編集部編(2013)『日本国憲法』小学館.

Children’s guide-book for the Constitution of Japan. Each page consists an article and footnotes. Also, the final pages of this book have the previous constitution and English translation of the current constitution.



Takeda, Tsuneyasu. (2016). “Nihonjin no Genten ga Wakaru “Kokutai” no Jugyo” [Understanding the Roots of the Japanese People, Lesson on “Nationalism”], Eto, Tokyo: PHP Kenkyusho. 竹田恒泰(2016)『日本人の原点がわかる「国体」の授業』PHP研究所.

Tsuneyasu Takeda is Emperor Mutsuhito’s great-great-grandson and a constitutional scholar. He explains the term “Kokutai”, usually translated as “constitution” or “national identity”. Because this term has become obsolete, this book tries to define the word, “Kokutai”, using relevant terms.

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