In conjunction with the exhibition, “For Liberty, Justice, and Equality: Unions Making History in America,” we will be featuring labor-related materials from the Prange Collection. The exhibit, which draws upon materials from the labor collections in Special Collections and University Archives at the University of Maryland, will be on display in the Maryland Room Gallery on the 1st Floor of Hornbake Library North through July 2018.
Today we are featuring three issues of Nomin Kabe Shimbun/農民かべしんぶん [The Farmers Wall Newspaper] published by Nogyo Fukko Kaigi, Nogyo Kyodo Kumiai Shoshiki Kyoryoku Honbu/農業復興会議・農業協同組合組織協力本部.
The first issue impresses upon farmers the immediate need to establish a union. It also states that democratization and liberation of farming villages are the priorities of Nogyo Fukko Kaigi/農業復興会議 [Agricultural Reconstruction Conference]. In the background illustration is a hand (labelled “democratized power”) that is pinching out “pests” such as vice landlords and bureaucrats from a plant.
In the fifth issue (July 1948), the paper proposes a five-year tax exemption and forced delivery of goods for owners of the new farmland development. It also reminds readers of the need to use the power of collective bargaining with regard to high tax rates, and it emphasizes the importance of joining a union to confront the inevitable and impending agricultural crisis.
The seventh issue, published in October 1948, asks its readers to deposit their money to the cooperative bank of the agriculture union. It also puts out a call for designs for the union logo. The first prize award would be 10,000 yen.
These wall newspapers have been digitized and are available in the Prange Collection. Please contact us if you would like to view them.