In conjunction with the exhibition, “For Liberty, Justice, and Equality: Unions Making History in America,” we will be featuring labor-related materials from the Prange Collection. The exhibit, which draws upon materials from the labor collections in Special Collections and University Archives at the University of Maryland, will be on display in the Maryland Room Gallery on the 1st Floor of Hornbake Library North through July 2018.
March is Women’s History Month. Today, we’re featuring Fujin mondai ni tsuite/婦人問題について [About women’s issues] by Yamakawa Kikue/山川菊榮 (Prange Call No. HD-0674).
The Chiba Prefecture Labor and Labor Education Department/千葉縣勞政課勞働敎育係 published this short pamphlet in 1948. It was the first issue in the Chiba-ken Rodo Kyoiku Pamphlet/千葉縣勞働敎育パンフレット series. It contains a lecture by Yamakawa, Head of the Women and Minors Bureau of the Ministry of Labor, which she gave in 1947. In the talk, she addressed issues that affected women and offered practical advice. For example, on page 5, she regretfully stated that it was to some degree each person’s fault that Japan was in such a miserable state, saying:
Then, she claimed that it was women’s responsibility to recover from the current situation by unifying and by working together for better working conditions.
In addition, when asked about the different culture and responsibilities between working women and women staying at home, she answered: