This is the fifth in a series on the Japanese Constitution of 1947. See also the Constitution Series.
The Constitution took effect on May 3, 1947 and is still in effect today. As we approach the 70th anniversary of its enactment, we’ll share with you materials from the Prange Collection related to the drafting of the Constitution, its promulgation, reactions of the Japanese, and observances of Constitution Memorial Day.
Constitution Memorial Day is a national holiday in Japan. Observed on May 3, it celebrates the promulgation of the Constitution. The photographs below document the first and second observances of this new holiday.
The first photograph (from the left), dated May 3, 1948, is of a music concert held at the Hibiya Outdoor Music Theater celebrating the first anniversary of the enactment of the Constitution. (Call No. K0502 — from the Kyodo Tsushin News Agency Photographs). The next two photographs are of a ceremony held at the Imperial Palace Plaza on Constitution Memorial Day in 1949 (Call No. K4023 [Kyodo Tsushin], J150 [Jiji Tsushin]).