This post is the first in a series of reports on the Censored Newspaper Articles digitization project.
In addition to the 18,047 newspaper titles in the Prange Collection that are in published form, the Collection also has approximately 15,000 censored newspaper articles. These are either hand-written manuscripts, print galley proofs, censorship documents, or wired news dispatches. Metadata creation for the Censored Newspaper Articles (CNA) began in March 2013. Digitization began in March 2014 and was completed in December 2014. Access to the digital surrogates of CNAs and the inventory lists are available onsite in the Prange Collection.
The following metadata elements, among others, were compiled for the CNAs: name of the newspaper/news agency, date of intended publication, date censored, the headline, censorship actions, examiners’ names, and the numbers of pages.
The vast majority of the CNAs fall into two categories — Foreign News and Local News — and cover the years 1947 and 1948 (with a small number from 1945, 1946, 1949). As far as we can tell, this was the original CCD organization of the articles. Local News articles were submitted by domestic newspaper companies or news agencies. For the most part, they are hand-written or galley proofs of Japanese articles. Foreign News articles are primarily dispatches in English (with a smattering of other languages, such as Korean, Russian or French) from overseas news agencies, such as the Associated Press or Reuters. Some of the dispatches are translated into Japanese.
In addition to Local and Foreign News, there are censorship documents issued by the District III Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) office, which covered the Kyushu area, and denko nyusu (電光ニュース).
Please contact prangebunko[at]umd.edu for more information. Sample images of the CNAs are available on our Flickr page.